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Ocular Disease Treatments & Management

Optimal eye health is a combination of several things. Of course, the accurate diagnosis and treatment of ocular issues are equally important. At Kubo Optometry, we offer preventative routine eye exams, but also diagnose and treat numerous eye diseases, including:

Dry Eye Syndrome

This condition is common in patients who wear contact lenses, use a computer for extended periods, or use medications like antihistamines. Dry eye syndrome is also common in older patients. Symptoms of dry eyes include redness, irritation, and feeling like you have an object in your eyes. The most common treatment for dry eye syndrome is artificial tears, although we may recommend surgery to unblock clogged glands.

Eye Infections

There are several causes of eye infections, including viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The common symptoms of eye infections include eye discharge, redness, and itching. While eye infections aren’t usually vision-threatening, it’s good to see an eye doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment. Treatment varies depending on the cause. However, eye drops work in most cases.


This is one of the leading causes of blindness caused by buildup in eye pressure, which causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve. The common symptom of glaucoma is blind spots in your vision, while tunnel vision is common as the disease advances.

An optometrist diagnoses glaucoma by conducting several tests, including a tonometry test to measure eye pressure. Imaging tests may examine the damage to the optic nerve, while vision tests monitor your progression.

While glaucoma can’t be reversed, we can slow its progression. Treatments include eye drops to decrease irritation and manage the underlying condition that causes the buildup of ocular pressure. Surgery may be recommended for advanced glaucoma or when you aren’t responding to other treatments.


Cataracts cloud your vision, making it difficult to read, drive, or recognize colors. To identify whether or not you have a cataract, your eye doctor will perform several tests, including visual acuity tests, retinal exams, and a slit-lamp exam, to illuminate your eye for closer examination.

Prescription eyeglasses may improve your eyes, but if they fail to work, surgery becomes the next option. Cataract surgery involves removing your clouded lens and replacing it with an artificial lens.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

This is a common eye condition for persons in their 50s and 60s. AMD affects your central vision because it damages the macula, which is the part of the retina responsible for central vision. Unfortunately, there is no cure for AMD, but its progression can be slowed by injections and laser therapy.

Diabetic Retinopathy

One of the most common diabetic eye diseases is caused by high blood sugar levels that damage the retina. While diabetic retinopathy builds up over time, it can cause blindness if not treated. Primary treatment involves managing your diabetes, but surgery and injections may be necessary for severe cases.

Looking for personalized Eye Care Services in Sacramento, CA?

Look no further than Kubo Optometry. We offer numerous optometry services to achieve your eye health goals.


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